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Culture in Ibiza - Our Past, Our Future!

With more than 700 cultural and natural sites already protected worldwide, the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO is working to make sure that future generations can inherit the treasures of the past. And yet, most sites face a variety of threats, particularly in today's environment. The preservation of this common heritage concerns us all.

The World Heritage Committee inscribed Ibiza on the World Heritage List in 1999.

Ibiza preserves considerable evidence of its long history. The Phoenician ruins of Sa Caleta and the Phoenician-Punic cemetery of Puig des Molins are exceptional evidence of urbanization and social life in the Phoenician colonies of the western Mediterranean. They constitute a unique resource, in terms of volume and importance, of material from the Phoenician and Carthaginian tombs. The fortified Upper Town (Alta Vila or Dalt Vila) is an outstanding example a fortified acropolis which preserves in an exceptional way in its walls and in its urban fabric successive imprints of the earliest Phoenicians settlements and the Arab and Catalan periods through to the Renaissance bastions. The long process of building the defensive walls has not destroyed the earlier phases or the street pattern, but has incorporated them in the ultimate phase. The intact 16th century fortifications of Ibiza bear unique witness to the military architecture and engineering and the aesthetics of the Renaissance. This Italian-Spanish model was very influential, especially in the construction and fortification of towns in the New World.

Tanit tomb - Phoenician-Punic cemetery of Puig des Molins
The fortified Upper Town (Alta Vila or Dalt Vila)

Furthermore Biodiversity and Culture gives an excellent example of the interaction between the marine and coastal ecosystems. The dense prairies of oceanic Posidonia (seagrass), an important endemic species found only in the Mediterranean basin, contain and support a diversity of marine life.

Salinas

The culture and folklore of our days are a result of the influences of the different people that colonized the island in the past. The traditional dances - "Sa llarga" and "Sa curta" - consist of the flirtation between men and women. The latter make circles around her suitors while the men show their male abilities jumping and playing huge "castañuelas ". In the traditional music can be found remains of the culture from Northern Africa, as well as in the jewels the farmers wear on their chest. The "emprendada" is composted by three gold strings with "sa joia" and "s´adreç". The colourful typical suits and dances can be watched in the popular parties celebrated in the churches of all Pitiusas islands all year round. The seaworthy celebrations to honour "la Virgen del Carmen" (July 16th) are an explosion of colour and joy. The people go out to the sea with any kind of boat and carry the image of the patron.

our future in the country
our past


More information:
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Last Update: May 2011