Culture in Ibiza - Our Past, Our Future!
With more than 700 cultural and natural
sites already protected worldwide, the World Heritage
Committee of UNESCO is working to make sure that future
generations can inherit the treasures of the past. And yet,
most sites face a variety of threats, particularly in today's
environment. The preservation of this common heritage concerns
The World Heritage Committee inscribed Ibiza on
the World Heritage List in 1999.
Ibiza preserves considerable evidence of its
long history. The Phoenician ruins of Sa Caleta and the
Phoenician-Punic cemetery of Puig des Molins are exceptional
evidence of urbanization and social life in the Phoenician colonies
of the western Mediterranean. They constitute a unique resource, in
terms of volume and importance, of material from the Phoenician and
Carthaginian tombs. The fortified Upper Town (Alta Vila or Dalt
Vila) is an outstanding example a fortified acropolis which
preserves in an exceptional way in its walls and in its urban fabric
successive imprints of the earliest Phoenicians settlements and the
Arab and Catalan periods through to the Renaissance bastions. The
long process of building the defensive walls has not destroyed the
earlier phases or the street pattern, but has incorporated them in
the ultimate phase. The intact 16th century fortifications of Ibiza
bear unique witness to the military architecture and engineering and
the aesthetics of the Renaissance. This Italian-Spanish model was
very influential, especially in the construction and fortification
of towns in the New World.
Furthermore Biodiversity and Culture
gives an excellent example of the interaction between the marine and
coastal ecosystems. The dense prairies of oceanic Posidonia
(seagrass), an important endemic species found only in the
Mediterranean basin, contain and support a diversity of marine life.
The culture and folklore of our days are a result of the
influences of the different people that colonized the island in the
past. The traditional dances - "Sa llarga" and "Sa curta" - consist
of the flirtation between men and women. The latter make circles
around her suitors while the men show their male abilities jumping
and playing huge "castañuelas ". In the traditional music can be
found remains of the culture from Northern Africa, as well as in the
jewels the farmers wear on their chest. The "emprendada" is
composted by three gold strings with "sa joia" and "s´adreç".
The colourful typical suits and dances can be watched in the popular
parties celebrated in the churches of all Pitiusas islands all year
round. The seaworthy celebrations to honour "la Virgen
del Carmen" (July 16th) are an explosion of colour and
joy. The people go out to the sea with any kind of boat and carry
the image of the patron.
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